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Proceedings of the 17th Conference on Computer Science and Intelligence Systems

Annals of Computer Science and Information Systems, Volume 30

Scrum, Kanban or a Mix of Both? A Systematic Literature Review

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15439/2022F143

Citation: Proceedings of the 17th Conference on Computer Science and Intelligence Systems, M. Ganzha, L. Maciaszek, M. Paprzycki, D. Ślęzak (eds). ACSIS, Vol. 30, pages 883893 ()

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Abstract. Among the Agile methods, Scrum and Kanban are common in software development and they are considered the two most powerful ones influencing the direct results of projects. Despite the importance of knowing their relative strengths and advantages and integrating them that can yield better results than individual use, none of the secondary studies provide extensive knowledge on the topic. In this paper, we performed a systematic literature review (SLR) study to investigate the characteristics of the empirical studies which involve Scrum and Kanban together by comparing or integrating them. Our final set includes 38 empiric-based studies posing primary information on advantages of each method over another one, the properties including artifacts, roles, and events from Scrum and Kanban in combining them in a hybrid way, the properties of transitions from one to another such as transition directions (such as Scrum to Kanban, Kanban to Scrum or Scrum/Kanban to Hybrid), transition years, and transition reasons. The outputs can be interesting for both the industry and researchers. For example, nearly all of my transitioning organizations are moving from Scrum to Kanban or to a hybrid method. Among the reasons for the transitions, the problems experienced with Scrum are remarkable. In comparison, Kanban stands out clearly in a positive way. Almost all of the teams combining the both use flow instead of sprint.


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