Logo PTI Logo FedCSIS

Proceedings of the 17th Conference on Computer Science and Intelligence Systems

Annals of Computer Science and Information Systems, Volume 30

Towards Temporal Multi-Criteria Assessment of Sustainable RES Exploitation in European Countries

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15439/2022F180

Citation: Proceedings of the 17th Conference on Computer Science and Intelligence Systems, M. Ganzha, L. Maciaszek, M. Paprzycki, D. Ślęzak (eds). ACSIS, Vol. 30, pages 769772 ()

Full text

Abstract. This paper aims to introduce a novel Temporal SWARA-SPOTIS method for multi-criteria temporal assessment. The proposed method combines the Step-Wise Weights Assessment Ratio Analysis (SWARA) method for determining the significance values of particular periods and the Stable Preference Ordering Towards Ideal Solution (SPOTIS) method for the multi-criteria assessment. The developed method was applied for assessing the sustainable use of renewable energy sources (RES) by European countries in various branches of the economy and industry, considering multiple criteria and the dynamics of results change over time. The application of the proposed method is presented in an illustrative example covering the assessment of 30 selected European countries over the five years 2015-2019. The presented approach proved its usefulness in the problem investigated and provided reliable results indicating that the best-scored countries regarding sustainable use of RES are dominantly the Nordic countries.


  1. H. Neofytou, A. Nikas, and H. Doukas, “Sustainable energy transition readiness: A multicriteria assessment index,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 131, p. 109988, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.109988
  2. Z. Andreopoulou, C. Koliouska, E. Galariotis, and C. Zopounidis, “Renewable energy sources: Using PROMETHEE II for ranking websites to support market opportunities,” Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 131, pp. 31–37, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.190
  3. A. Bączkiewicz and B. Kizielewicz, “Towards Sustainable Energy Consumption Evaluation in Europe for Industrial Sector Based on MCDA Methods,” Procedia Computer Science, vol. 192, pp. 1334–1346, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2021.08.137
  4. A. Bączkiewicz, B. Kizielewicz, A. Shekhovtsov, M. Yelmikheiev, V. Kozlov, and W. Sałabun, “Comparative analysis of solar panels with determination of local significance levels of criteria using the MCDM methods resistant to the rank reversal phenomenon,” Energies, vol. 14, no. 18, p. 5727, 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14185727
  5. A. Frini and S. Benamor, “Making decisions in a sustainable development context: A state-of-the-art survey and proposal of a multi-period single synthesizing criterion approach,” Computational Economics, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 341–385, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10614-017-9677-5
  6. B. Urli, A. Frini, and S. B. Amor, “PROMETHEE-MP: a generalisation of PROMETHEE for multi-period evaluations under uncertainty,” International Journal of Multicriteria Decision Making, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 13–37, 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJMCDM.2019.098042
  7. J. Dezert, A. Tchamova, D. Han, and J.-M. Tacnet, “The spotis rank reversal free method for multi-criteria decision-making support,” in 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION). IEEE, 2020. https://doi.org/10.23919/FUSION45008.2020.9190347 pp. 1–8.
  8. A. Tuş and E. A. Adalı, “The new combination with CRITIC and WASPAS methods for the time and attendance software selection problem,” Opsearch, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 528–538, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12597-019-00371-6
  9. S. H. Zolfani and P. Chatterjee, “Comparative evaluation of sustainable design based on Step-Wise Weight Assessment Ratio Analysis (SWARA) and Best Worst Method (BWM) methods: a perspective on household furnishing materials,” Symmetry, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 74, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11010074
  10. M. Sajjad, W. Sałabun, S. Faizi, M. Ismail, and J. Wątróbski, “Statistical and analytical approach of multi-criteria group decision-making based on the correlation coefficient under intuitionistic 2-tuple fuzzy linguistic environment,” Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 193, p. 116341, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2021.116341
  11. Eurostat, Energy from renewable sources, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/energy/data/shares
  12. energyinpython, Towards the Temporal Multi-Criteria Assessment of Sustainable RES Exploitation in European Countries, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://github.com/energyinpython/fedcsis-2022-RES