Logo PTI Logo FedCSIS

Communication Papers of the 17th Conference on Computer Science and Intelligence Systems

Annals of Computer Science and Information Systems, Volume 32

Using Information and Distributed Ledger Technologies to Combat Public Procurement Corruption: A South African Perspective

, ,

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15439/2022F41

Citation: Communication Papers of the 17th Conference on Computer Science and Intelligence Systems, M. Ganzha, L. Maciaszek, M. Paprzycki, D. Ślęzak (eds). ACSIS, Vol. 32, pages 223230 ()

Full text

Abstract. Corruption has had a detrimental impact on the South African economy. The use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in combatting corruption is undervalued in e-government contexts, while insufficient empirical data exists to gauge the effectiveness of distributed digital technology in combatting malfeasance. This study explores perceptions on the use of ICT in the procurement corruption investigation sector. Legal and factual perspectives of ICTs, and specifically on Digital Ledger Technology (DLT)'s usefulness in combatting public sector procurement corruption in South Africa was found to be limited. This empirical study found that most respondents in the corruption investigation field had encounters with it in the Public Procurement field of the Supply Chain Management (SCM) function. Human interference in the ICT system appears to be the main contributing factor in corrupting the system. Monitoring of user activity logs is recommended as well as strict regulations to prevent ghost users from corrupting ICT systems.


  1. H. Natarajan, S. Krause, and H. Gradstein, “Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) and Blockchain,” FinTech Note, 1, 2017, pp. 1–60.
  2. P. Sewpersadh and J.C. Mubangizi, “Using the law to combat public procurement corruption in South Africa: Lessons from Hong Kong,” Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, 20(1), 2017, https://doi.org/10.17159/1727-3781/2017/v20i0a1359
  3. S. Kruger, “Journal of transport and supply chain management – Editorial,” Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management, 13, 2019, pp. 1–8, https://doi.org/10.4102/jtscm.v13i0.480
  4. I. Adam, and M. Fazekas, “Are Emerging Technologies Helping Win the Fight Against Corruption in Developing Countries?” Pathways for Prosperity Commission Background Paper Series, 21, April 2018, p. 34.
  5. V. Brilliantova, and T.W. Thurner, “Blockchain and the future of energy,” Technology in Society, 57, November 2018, pp 38–45, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2018.11.001
  6. T. Clohessy, H. Treiblmaier, T. Acton and N. Rogers, “Antecedents of blockchain adoption: An integrative framework,” Strategic Change, 29(5), 2020, pp.501-515, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsc.2360
  7. C. Kombe, A. Sam, M. Ally and A. Finne, “Blockchain Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa: Where does it fit in Healthcare Systems: A case of Tanzania,” Journal of Health Informatics in Developing Countries, 13(2), 2019.
  8. J. C. Bertot, P.T. Jaeger and J.M. Grimes, “Using ICTs to create a culture of transparency: E-government and social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies,” Government Information Quarterly, 27(3), 2020, pp. 264–271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2010.03.001
  9. J. Chipeta, “A Review of E-government Development in Africa: A case of Zambia,” Journal of E-Government Studies and Best Practices, January 2018, pp. 1–13, https://doi.org/10.5171/2018.973845
  10. N. Elisa, L. Yang, F. Chao and Y. Cao, “A framework of blockchain-based secure and privacy-preserving E-government system,” Wireless Networks, 2018, pp. 1-11, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11276-018-1883-0
  11. South African Reserve Bank, “Project Khokha Fintech Report,” Project Khokha, 2018, pp. 1–80.
  12. C. Aristidou and E. Marcou, “Blockchain standards and government applications,” Journal of ICT Standardization, 7(3), 2019, pp. 287–312, https://doi.org/10.13052/jicts2245-800X.736
  13. S. Williams-Elegbe, “Public Procurement, Corruption and Blockchain Technology in South Africa: A Preliminary Legal Inquiry,” SSRN Electronic Journal, 2019, https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3458877
  14. B. Q. Tan, F. Wang, J. Liu, K. Kang and F. Costa, “A blockchain-based framework for green logistics in supply chains,” Sustainability, 12(11), 2020, p. 4656, https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114656
  15. T. M. Okello and A Kihara, “Effect of Procurement Lifecycle on Performance of Government Ministries in Kenya,” International Journal of Supply Chain and Logistics, 3(2), 2019, pp.105–128.
  16. N. Kshetri, “Will blockchain emerge as a tool to break the poverty chain in the Global South?” Third World Quarterly, 38(8), 2017, pp. 1710–1732, https://doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2017.1298438
  17. R. DePietro, E. Wiarda and M. Fleischer, “The context for change: Organization, technology and environment”, in L.G. Tornatzky and M. Fleischer, (Eds.) The processes of technological innovation, Lexington Books: Lexington, MA., 1990, pp. 151–175.
  18. I. Korstjens and A. Moser, “Series: Practical guidance to qualitative research. Part 4: Trustworthiness and publishing,” European Journal of General Practice, 24(1), 2018, pp. 120–124. https://doi.org/10.1080/13814788.2017.1375092
  19. Y.K. Dwivedi, M.R. Wade and S.L. Schneberger, Informations Systems Theory: Vol.2. Springer, 28 November 2012, 461. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6108-2
  20. I. Arpaci, Y.C. Yardimci, S. Ozkan, and O. Turetken, “Organizational Adoption of Information Technologies: A Literature Review,” International Journal of EBusiness and EGovernment Studies, 4(2), 2012, pp. 37–50.
  21. A. Ahmi, and S. Kent, “The utilisation of generalized audit software (GAS) by external auditors,” Managerial Auditing Journal, 28(2), 2013, pp. 88–113. https://doi.org/10.1108/02686901311284522.
  22. V. Braun and V. Clarke, “Using thematic analysis in psychology,” Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 2006, pp. 77–101, https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa
  23. K.O. Odeku, “Endemic corruption in supply chain and procurement in the local sphere of government in South Africa,” Journal of Distribution Science, 16(9), 2018, pp.43–52, https://doi.org/10.15722/jds.16.9.201809.43
  24. C. Pring and J. Vrushi, “Global Corruption Barometer Africa: Citizen’s Views and Experiences of Corruption,” In Afrobarometer, 2019.
  25. United Nations, “E-Government Survey 2020. Digital Government in the Decade of action for sustainable development,” In UN E-Government Knowledgebase, 2020, publicadministration.un.org
  26. S.F. Verkijika and L. De Wet, “E-government adoption in sub-Saharan Africa,” Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 30, February 2018, pp. 83–93, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elerap.2018.05.012
  27. V. Babich and G. Hilary, “Blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies in operations,” Foundations and Trends in Technology, Information and Operations Management, 12(2–3), 2019, pp. 152–172, https://doi.org/10.1561/0200000084