Logo FedCSIS

Annals of Computer Science and Information Systems, Volume 24

Proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Research in Management & Technovation

Logo PTI

An Analysis and Discussion of the Defense Information Systems Agency’s Level of Compliance and Integration of the U.S. Congress’ Title Viii National Defense Authorization Act Fy 2015 Subtitle D—Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15439/2020KM3

Citation: Proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Research in Management & Technovation, Shivani Agarwal, Darrell Norman Burrell, Vijender Kumar Solanki (eds). ACSIS, Vol. 24, pages 7986 ()

Full text

Abstract. This paper reflects a conducted assessment of the Defense Information Systems Agency's (Department of Defense) compliance with the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Action (FITARA) Section 833: Portfolio Management and Section 834: Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiatives. The paper is organized by providing an overview of DISA leading into a brief history of FITARA (and its associated federal government implementation). For Section 833, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) Information Technology Investment Management (ITIM) assessment tool was applied to DISA's Information Technology Capital Planning and Investment Control (CPIC) process for evaluation, analysis, and recommendations for improvement. Following GAO ITIM, Section 834 was introduced, leading into a PEST and SWOT analyses relative to DISA's implementation of the framework concluding with the evaluation and recommendations. Summarily, Kotter's 8-step change model was applied in a proposed 12 -- 36-month plan for implementation throughout the agency for senior leadership in addressing the various gaps of both sections 833 and 834


  1. H.R.1232 - Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act, 113th US Congress, September 2014. https://www.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/house-bill/1232 [Accessed October 2, 2020]
  2. United States General Accounting Office (GAO), Information Technology Investment Management: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Process Maturity (pp. 1 - 138), 2014. [Accessed October 9, 2020]
  3. J. Auguste, Applying Kotter’s 8-Step Process for Leading Change to the Digital Transformation of an Orthopedic Surgical Practice Group, Toronto, Canada. J Health Med Informant 4, 129, 2014. [Accessed September 9, 2020]
  4. DISA Strategic Plan, Strategic plan: 2015-2020, 2015. https://www.disa.mil/-/media/Files/DISA/About/Strategic-Plan.ashx [Accessed September 21, 2020]
  5. P. DeVisser, and R. Sands, “Integrating culture general and cross-cultural competence & communication skills: Possibilities for the future of military language and culture programs”, The Journal of Culture, Language, and International Security, 1(1), pp. 34-63, 2015. [Accessed September 3, 2020]
  6. B. Endrass, E. Andre, L. Huang, L., and J. Gratch, “A data-driven approach to model culture-specific communication management styles for virtual agents” Proceedings of the 9thInternational Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-agent Systems, Toronto, Canada, 2010. [Accessed September 3, 2020]
  7. V. Gezari, The tender soldier: A true story of war and sacrifice, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2013 [Accessed September 3, 2020]
  8. R. Hajjar, “Military warriors as peacekeeper-diplomats: Building productive relationships with foreign counterparts in the contemporary military advising mission’, Armed Forces and Society, 40(4), 647-652, 2014. [Accessed September 1, 2020]
  9. P. Holmes-Eber, E. Tarzi, and B. Maki, B., “U.S. Marines’ attitudes regarding cross-cultural capabilities in military operations: A research note”, Armed Forces and Society, 42(4), 741-751, 2016. [Accessed September 10, 2020]
  10. D. McManus, “McManus: A smaller, smarter military: The best-equipped Army in the world can still lose a war if it doesn’t understand the people it’s fighting”, Los Angeles Times, April 22, 2012. http://articles.latimes.com/2012/apr/22/opinion/la-oemcmanus-column-odierno-iraq-afghanistan-less-20120422 [Accessed September 5, 2020]
  11. P. Reid, F. Kaloydis, M. Sudduth, and A. Greene-Sands, “Executive summary: A framework for understanding cross-cultural competence in the Department of Defense”, DEOMI Technical Report No. 15-12, Patrick Air Force Base, FL: Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, 2012 [Accessed September 5, 2020]
  12. R. Sands, “Thinking Differently: Unlocking the Human Domain in Support of the 21st Century Intelligence Mission”, Small Wars Journal, 2013. http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/thinking-differently-unlocking-the-humandomain-in-support-of-the-21st-century-intelligence [Accessed September 6, 2020]
  13. United States Government Accountability Office (GAO), Cost Estimating & Assessment Guide: GAO-09-3SP, 2009. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-09-3SP [Accessed September 6, 2020]
  14. United States General Accounting Office (GAO), “Information Technology: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Enterprise Architecture Management”, United States General Accounting Office Executive Guide: GAO-03-584G, 2013. [Accessed September 5, 2020]
  15. S. Fernandez, and H. Rainey, “Managing successful organizational change in the public sector”, Public Administration Review, 66(2), 168-176 [Accessed September 5, 2020]
  16. United States General Accounting Office (GAO), “Information Technology Investment Management: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Process Maturity”, pp. 1 – 138, United States Government Accountability Office, Washington, D.C., 2004. [Accessed October 5, 2020]
  17. Data Center Optimization Initiative, New draft policy, 2016. https://datacenters.cio.gov/policy/ [Accessed September 5, 2020]
  18. T. Sammut‐Bonnici, and D. Galea, D. (2015) PEST analysis, Wiley Encyclopedia of Management (eds C.L. Cooper, J. McGee and T. Sammut‐Bonnici). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118785317.weom120113. [Accessed September 15, 2020]
  19. D. Pickton, and S. Wright, S. (1998) “What's swot in strategic analysis?” Strategic Change, 7, pp.101-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1697(199803/04)7:2<101::AID-JSC332>3.0.CO;2-6 [Accessed September 15, 2020]
  20. M. McCloskey, A. Grandjean, K. Behymer, and K. Ross, “Assessing the development of cross-cultural competence in Soldiers (Technical Report 1277)”, U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (DTIC No. ADA533959), 2010. [Accessed September 15, 2020]
  21. R. Nolan, E. LaTour, and J. Klafehn, “Framework for rapid situational awareness in the field”, (Technical Report 1338) Fort Belvoir, VA: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 2014. [Accessed September 15, 2020]
  22. R. Sands, “Language and culture in the department of defense: Synergizing complimentary instruction and building LREC competency, Small Wars Journal, 2013. https://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/language-and-culture-in-the-department-of-defense-synergizing-complimentary-instruction-and [Accessed September 15, 2020]
  23. J. Kotter, “Management is (still) not leadership”, Harvard Business Review, 2013. [Accessed September 15, 2020]
  24. E. Cameron, and M. Green, Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to the Models Tools and Techniques of Organizational Change, (3rd Edition). London, GBR: Kogan Page, 2012. [Accessed September 15, 2020]